How should we remember and commemorate those who die in war? What about the enemy dead? Cécile Fabre, author of several books on the philosophy of war, discusses these issues with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast.
In war there are legitimate and illegitimate targets. Combatants can be killed; civilians shoudn't be deliberately targeted. This is a matter of international law, but is also believed to be a moral principle. Some philosophers have argued that a combatant/civilian distinction is unsustainable. Seth Lazar , of the Australian National University, disagrees. In this interview with Nigel Warburton he explains why.
If someone is shooting at me in a war, surely it is morally acceptable for me to shoot back and kill him or her. Jeff McMahan of Rutgers University, author of a new book on this topic, challenges the view that such killing is always acceptable.
Is war inevitable, given the human condition? What causes human agression? For Plato's Socrates it comes from innate tendencies nurtured in the wrong way. And that's where war comes from. Angie Hobbs gives a fascinating introduction to this aspect of Plato's Republic in this episode of Philosophy Bites.