What part does context play in determining the meaning of a sentence? Is there any room for literal meaning? Emma Borg discusses these questions with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast.
In the early part of the Twentieth Century Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein transformed philosophy: they emphasized the logical form of language. Ludwig Wittgenstein later repudiated his earlier philosophy, concentrating on how people actually use language, the things they do do with words. Together with J.L. Austin, Gilbert Ryle and others, he initiated what has come to be known as the Linguistic Turn in philosophy. For this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast, Rom Harré, whose PhD supervisor was Austin, discusses the Linguistic Turn with Nigel Warburton.
J.L. Austin believed that we could make philosopical progress through precise scrutiny of ordinary language: the words we use, the contexts in which we utter them, and what actions we perform in the process. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast, Guy Longworth discusses Austin's approach to philosophy.
Ludwig Wittgenstein was one of the great thinkers of the 20th Century. Part of his originality lay in his view of what Philosophy
was and how it ought to be done. For this episode of Philosophy BitesBarry Smith of Birkbeck College London gives a lucid account of Wittgenstein's conception of Philosophy.
How many grains of sand make a heap? This is the classic Sorites Paradox. In this episode of Philosophy Bites Timothy Williamson, author of an important book on the topic, explains what vagueness is and why it matters.